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Zhurnal Obshchei Biologii (Journal of General Biology). Abstracts

Volume 69, 2008. N 3, pp. 175–194

Hyperbolic growth of marine and continental biodiversity through the Phanerozoic and community evolution

A. V. Markov1, A. V. Korotayev2

1 Paleontological Institute, RAS 117997 Moscow, ul. Profsoyuznaya, 123
e-mail: markov_a@inbox.ru
2 Russian State Humanitarian University
125993 Moscow, Miusskaya plosh., 6
e-mail: akorotayev@mail.ru

Among diverse models that are used to describe and interpret the changes in global biodiversity through the Phanerozoic, the exponential and logistic models (traditionally used in population biology) are the most popular. As we have recently demonstrated (Markov, Korotayev, 2007), the growth of the Phanerozoic marine biodiversity at genus level correlates better with the hyperbolic model (widely used in demography and macro sociology). Here we show that the hyperbolic model is also applicable to the Phanerozoic continental biota at genus and family levels, and to the marine biota at species, genus, and family levels. There are many common features in the evolutionary dynamics of the marine and continental biotas that imply similarity and common nature of the factors and mechanisms underlying the hyperbolic growth. Both marine and continental biotas are characterized by continuous growth of the mean longevity of taxa, by decreasing extinction and origination rates, by similar pattern of replacement of dominant groups, by stepwise accumulation of evolutionary stable, adaptable and "physiologically buffered" taxa with effective mechanisms of parental care, protection of early developmental stages, etc. At the beginning of the development of continental biota, the observed taxonomic diversity was substantially lower than that predicted by the hyperbolic model. We suggest that this is due, firstly, to the fact that, during the earliest stages of the continental biota evolution, the groups that are not preserved in the fossil record (such as soil bacteria, unicellular algae, lichens, etc.) played a fundamental role, and secondly, to the fact that the continental biota initially formed as a marginal portion of the marine biota, rather than a separate system. The hyperbolic dynamics is most prominent when both marine and continental biotas are considered together. This fact can be interpreted as a proof of the integrated nature of the biosphere. In the macrosociological models, the hyperbolic pattern of the world population growth arises from a non-linear second-order positive feedback between the demographic growth and technological development (more people — more potential inventors — faster technological growth — the carrying capacity of the Earth grows faster — faster population growth — more people — more potential inventors, and so on). Based on the analogy with macrosociological models and diverse paleontological data, we suggest that the hyperbolic character of biodiversity growth can be similarly accounted for by a non-linear second-order positive feedback between the diversity growth and community structure complexity. The feedback can work via two parallel mechanisms: 1) decreasing extinction rate (more taxa — higher alpha diversity, or mean number of taxa in a community — communities become more complex and stable — extinction rate decreases — more taxa, and so on) and 2) increasing origination rate (new taxa facilitate niche construction; newly formed niches can be occupied by the next "generation" of taxa). The latter possibility makes the mechanisms underlying the hyperbolic growth of biodiversity and human population even more similar, because the total ecospace of the biota is analogous to the "carrying capacity of the Earth" in demography. As far as new species can increase ecospace and facilitate opportunities for additional species entering the community, they are analogous to the "inventors" of the demographic models whose inventions increase the carrying capacity of the Earth. The hyperbolic growth of the Phanerozoic biodiverstiy suggests that "cooperative" interactions between taxa can play an important role in evolution, along with generally accepted competitive interactions. Due to this "cooperation", the evolution of biodiversity acquires some features of a self-accelerating process. Macroevolutionary "cooperation" reveals itself in: 1) increasing stability of communities that arises from alpha diversity growth; 2) ability of species to facilitate opportunities for additional species entering the community.


Synopsis: Флора и фауна континентов развивается по гиперболическому закону

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pp. 84–93
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Академик А. Н. Северцов и современность
A. S. Severtsov
Causes and conditions of formation of the aromorphic organization
pp. 94–101
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Специализация открывает дорогу прогрессу
Neurobiological regularities in the origin of terrestrial vertebrates
pp. 118–129
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Амфибии эволюционировали в подземных лабиринтах
O. F. Chernova
The problem of the skin derivatives' origin in the amniote evolution. The skin appendages - scale, feather, and hair
pp. 130–151
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: В ассортименте шубы и пуховки для теплокровных
A. S. Isaev, V. G. Soukhovolsky, Т. М. Ovchinnikova
Phenomenological models of the forest plantations growth
pp. 3–9
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Рост лесов можно прогнозировать точнее
Yu. T. Diakov
Fungi: individuals, populations, and speciation
pp. 10–18
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Новые виды у грибов образуются нетрадиционными способами
A. V. Makrushin
How and why the mechanisms of ageing and carcinogenesis originated: a hypothesis
pp. 19–24
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Старение и рак – наследие колониальных предков
S. M. Lyapkov, V. G. Cherdantsev, E. M. Cherdantseva
Geographic variation as a result of evolution of the traits with broad and narrow norms of reaction in the moor frog (Rana arvalis)
pp. 25–43
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Лягушки-путешественницы вынуждены изменять стратегию размножения
L. N. Nefedova, A. I. Kim
Evolution from retrotransposons to retroviruses: origin of the env gene
pp. 459–467
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Данные сравнительной геномики проливают свет на происхождение ретровирусов
E. A. Severtsova, A. S. Severtsov
Mechanisms of adaptive regulation of early development of Anuran amphibians dwelling the anthropogenically polluted water bodies
pp. 323–331
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Московские лягушки приспособились к загрязнению
L. A. Vasilyeva, O. V. Antonenko, O. V. Vykhristyuk
The response of genomic pattern of transposable elements TE412 to quantitative trait selection in Drosophila melanogaster
pp. 341–349
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Эволюционная роль мобильных генетических элементов остается загадочной
K. P. Glazunova, G. M. Dlusskiy
Interrelation between flower structure and pollen vector composition in some Dipsacaceae and Asteraceae with externally similar anthodia
pp. 361–378
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Конкуренция среди лиловых цветов
L. P. Tatarinov
Molecular genetics and epigenetics in the morphogenesis mechanisms
pp. 165–169
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Развитие эволюционной теории невозможно без молекулярной генетики
V. R. Alekseev,T. I. Kazantseva
The usage of individual-oriented model in studies on the role of the maternal effect in the reproductive switch in Cladocera
pp. 231–240
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Устойчивое существование популяции обеспечивается негенетической «памятью поколений»
A. V. Markov, A. V. Korotayev
The dynamics of Phanerozoic marine animal diversity agrees with
pp. 3–18
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Биоразнообразие, как и народонаселение, растет по гиперболе
T. I. Kazantseva
Comparative analysis of the energy flows in the ecosystem of a small eutrophic lake during three vegetation seasons (balance model)
pp. 423–441
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Чем живет озеро Большой Окунёнок
A. I. Kafanov
Principal stages in the Cenozoic diversification of shallow-water molluscan faunas in the North Pacific
pp. 442–451
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Расселение тихоокеанских моллюсков как результат движения материков
S. V. Smirnov
Metamorphosis in the Urodelan amphibians: patterns, regulation mechanisms, and evolution
pp. 323–334
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Как земноводные учились превращаться
B. A. Bogatykh
Fractal structures in living beings and the evolutionary process
pp. 243–255
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: О фрактальности жизни и жизненности фракталов
N. N. Iordansky
The problem of the evolutionary saltations
pp. 256–267
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Natura facit saltum
I. Y. Pavlinov
Review on the book "Issues of evolution and theoretical problems of systematics" by A. K. Skvortsov
pp. 318–320

V. V. Efremov
The rule of "one migrant per generation" and genetic differentiation
pp. 198–205
Резюме. Abstract
Y. L. Voytekhovsky, M. G. Timofeeva, D. G. Stepenshchikov
The Curie principle and the morphological diversity of Pandorina morum (Mull.) Bory colonies (Volvocaceae)
pp. 206–211
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Почему колонии жгутиконосцев симметричны?
T. Junker. U. Hossfeld, G. S. Levit
Ernst Mayr (1904–2005): in memoriam
pp. 139–144

N. A. Provorov
Molecular basis of symbiogenic evolution: from free-living bacteria towards organelles
pp. 371–388
Резюме. Abstract
L. V. Nedorezov, E. V. Volkova
On the impact of winter conditions on the dynamics of a population with non-overlapping generations: a model approach
pp. 484–490
Резюме. Abstract
L. Y. Yampolsky, Ya. R. Galimov
Evolutionary Genetics of Aging in Daphnia
pp. 416–424
Резюме. Abstract
D. A. Voronov
Calculating the intrinsic growth rate: comparison of definition and model
pp. 425–430
Резюме. Abstract
V. P. Shcherbakov
Evolution as resistance to entropy. II. A conservative role for the sexual reproduction
pp. 300–309
Резюме. Abstract
V. Yu. Vedenina
Acoustic communication and sexual selection in Orthoptera (Insecta)
pp. 336–345
Резюме. Abstract
V. P. Shcherbakov
Evolution as resistance to entropy. I. Mechanisms of species homeostasis
pp. 195–211
Резюме. Abstract
Synopsis: Эволюция направлена против себя самой
R. N. Tchuraev
The frame of canonical theory of heredity: from genes to evolution
pp. 99–122
Резюме. Abstract
V. G. Il'ichev
Parameters adaptation in the populations models
pp. 171–179
Резюме. Abstract
O. N. Tikhodeev
Molecular Mechanisms of Macroevolution
pp. 13–27
Резюме. Abstract
Macroevolution: macrogenesis and typogenesis
pp. 451–463
Резюме. Abstract
V. V. Malakhov
Origin of Bilateria
pp. 371–388
Резюме. Abstract
V. V. Sukhodolets
Fitness and Ecological Resistance
pp. 417–425
Резюме. Abstract
P. Yu. Zhmylev
Plant Life Evolution: Opinios and Suppositions
pp. 232–249
Резюме. Abstract






при поддержке фонда Дмитрия Зимина - Династия